Guard Ability:
Life Span:
Learning rate:
Watch Ability:
Activity level:
8-14 inches
Very High
Very High
11-16 Years
Long, flowing silky soft
Very Low
Lemon, red, black, chestnut on white
Low - Moderate
Friendly and alert
6-12 pounds
The Papillon's large, butterfly-like
ears and symmetrical face gave the
breed its name.

The most distinctive aspect of the Papillon is its large ears, which are well fringed with
colored (not white) silky hair.  There are two ear variations of this breed, the completely
upright ears of the more common Papillon, and the dropped spaniel-like ears of the Phalène.


The Papillon is very devoted to their masters, with a hearty spirit making them desirable for
show or companionship. The Papillon is hardy and usually long lived. They adapt to almost
any climate and are comfortable in an apartment as well as the country. The Papillon is a
good travelers. They love to be with their family. A Papillon should be friendly, happy and
eager to please.


The History of the Papillon is traced through works of art. The earliest toy spaniels
resembling the Papillon are found in Italy. Tiziano Vicelli (Titian) painted these small dogs in
many famous paintings including the Venus of Urbino (1542). Other well known artists who
included them in paintings are Watteau, Gonzalez Coques, Fragonard and Mignard. In a
painting after Largillierre in the Wallace Collection in London, a Papillon is clearly shown in a
family portrait of Louis XIV. Papillons are also in paintings of royal families around Europe
and paintings of merchant class families.